The most interesting interpretation of the Vedic heritage has been done by two physicists: Dr. Subhash Kak  and Dr. Raja Ram Mohan Roy .
Kak  notes that Sayana, Prime-minister of India in the 14th century, could decipher an extract from The Rigveda from which followed that the value of the velocity of light was equal to 300,000 km/s. Note that in Europe, Danish astronomer O. Römer could measure the same value of the velocity of light only in 1676, i.e. around 150 year later.
Roy  showed that in The Rigveda and other ancient Vedic books under names of gods, people and their activity with the participation of domestic animals there was coded the ancient knowledge about the structure of space, cosmology and elementary particles. In particular, he discloses the structure of the real space called in The Rigveda loka: loka has a web structure, it consists of indivisible cells; cells are characterised by their interface. Then he derived the notion of the electric charge from a few verses of The Rigveda: "The electric charge is kept and plays on the surface of the particle." He identified names of gods with elementary particles: God Varuna = electron; God Mitra = proton; God Aryama = neutron; God Vishnu = universe; God Vritra = surface tension of the universe; God Indra = electric force; God Rudra = radiation; sage Vasistha (rich, a rich man) = atomic nucleus.
Then by Roy  the Vedic cosmology says that : 1) the universe had a beginning and it started very cold; 2) mass-energy content was zero at the beginning; 3) mass-energy is created in the form of matter and anti-matter; 4) mass-energy continuously has been created; 5) the universe has a center; 6) the universe has a boundary and all processes of creation of matter take place near the surface of the universe.
Let us read The Bhagavad-Gita together with Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, the great religious scholar. Let us touch Chapter 2, which is a review of the book. It contains the information on the existence of the first cause of matter in the form of an indivisible thing that is usually called "soul". However, Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada noted  that soul should also be understood as a subtle particle. Then we can read in the chapter the following: "In spite of the material body being subject to destruction, the subtle particle is eternal" (BhG.: 2.18); "It never takes birth and never dies at any time nor does it come into being again when the material body is created. It is birthless, eternal, imperishable and timeless and is inviolable when the body is destroyed" (BhG.: 2.20); "After some time it is disenthralled by entire annihilation of the material body. Yet it endures the destruction of the material world" (BhG.: 2.22); "It is not fissionable, not burning out, not soluble, and not drying up" (BhG.: 2.23); "Since it is not visible, its entity does not change, its properties remain unchangeable" (BhG.: 2.24). Then in Chapter 8 we can read in addition: ”Yet there is another nature, which is eternal and is transcendental to this manifested and unmanifested matter. It is supreme and is never annihilated. When all in this world is annihilated, that part remains as it is” (BhG.: 8.20)
Thus, it seems The Bhagavat-Gita discloses, in particular, the information on a structural brick of the real space that exists in the form of a web net. This brick, the subtle particle cannot annihilate; it is eternal and cannot be destroyed. This knowledge on the structural brick of space is an additional confirmation of the correctness of Roy's  deciphering presented briefly above, first of all that the real space has the structure of a web net (and each cell of the net is occupied by a "subtle particle").
P.S. Today of course nobody can guarantee a 100% that Vedic gods would be associated with elementary particles. However, a true researcher cannot reject such a possibility in principle. If the majority of physicists abandon their prejudices regarding the study of ancient heritage under the target of modern knowledge, they findings would similar to the conclusions of Dr. Roy . Who know? And why not? In any case the verses of The Bhagavat-Gita presented above explicitly reveal a substructure brick, a subtle particle, of the real space…
 S. Kak, The Astronomical Code of the Rigveda (Aditya Prakashan, New Dehli, 1994).
 R. R. M. Roy, Vedic Physics, Scientific Origin of Hinduism (Golden Egg Publishing, Toronto, 1999).
 Shri Shrimad A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Beyond Time and Space (Russion version of Easy Journey to Other Planets) (Almqist & Wiksell, Uppsala, 1976), pp. 13-19; Bhagavad-gita as it is (Bhaktivedanta Book Trust, Moscow, Leningrad, Calcutta, Bombey, New Dehly, 1984), Ch. 2, Texts 17-30.